Periodontal disease is a bacterial and inflammatory process classified as the loss of attachment of the gum tissue and supporting bone around the teeth, creating what is known as deep gum pockets. It is one of the primary reasons teeth are lost, besides tooth decay.
Deep cleanings, also known as scaling and root planing, may be recommended for initial treatment with more frequent recall visits for maintenance. This can halt the progression of the disease and help maintain teeth for a lifetime. In more advanced cases referrals may be made to a specialist for initial care.